This branch of dentistry focuses on alignment of teeth and jaws to improve a person’s smile and oral health. Aims to improve the appearance, position and function of crooked or abnormally arranged teeth.
DIFFERENT AGES AND THINGS TO BE TAKEN CARE OF:
1). BEFORE 7 YEARS: Children have all milk teeth before the age of 7. Sometimes milk teeth may fall off early. Sometimes they may be over-retained both can cause problems to the erupting permanent teeth, thus a child’s visit to dentist should be made frequently to diagnose any such problems and treat them at the earliest possible to avoid crowding and spacing.
2). 7-12 YEARS: Before 7 years a child carries all deciduous teeth and by the age of 6-6.5 his/her first permanent tooth starts erupting, thus 7 years is the right age for a child to visit a dentist so as to see how the teeth are erupting. child develops certain habits as his jaws are growing thus it’s the right age to control any habits a dentist can deliver a habit breaking appliance and can modulate the jaw in a correct way only if early intervention is made. Thus this age allows the dentist to find problems and decide the best time to start treatment.
3). 12-18 YEARS: These years are the most common years for orthodontic treatment .as by this age all permanent teeth have erupted. thus all misaligned, crooked teeth, bad bites going between teeth can be easily observed. Thus the problems which rarely can correct on their own now require an intervention and proper orthodontic treatment.
4). AGE 18 AND ABOVE: Nowadays there is no age limit for orthodontic treatment and getting a perfect smile.it is the health of alveolar bone and gum tissues which decide it all not the age. Some problems start with age as tongue thrust, teeth become more crowded or sometime spacing develop in between teeth and smile becomes unattractive. thus as long as proper diagnosis is made, everything is treatable.
TYPES OF BRACES:
a). METAL BRACES
These are metal braces which are commonly used. They are made of high quality stainless steel or titanium. Traditional braces have progressed since the early days and are now lighter in weight and structure than they used to be. Traditional braces are more effective at treating extreme overcrowding than other options like clear braces or Invisalign aligners and are less expensive. They give your orthodontist the control he needs to move the teeth in small increments at a time. The main disadvantage of traditional braces is the metal mouth appearance.
b). CERAMIC BRACES
Ceramic braces are the same size and shape as metal braces, except that they have tooth-colored or clear brackets that blend in to teeth. Less noticeable than metal braces; move teeth much faster than clear plastic aligners (Invisalign) but they are More expensive than metal braces and Brackets can stain easily if patients don’t care for them well.
c). SELF LIGATING BRACES
Self-ligating braces are braces that use little metal doors to hold the wires instead of elastic ties. Fairly comfortable to wear Negating the use of modules (except for the sake of colors) also means that there is less material for plaque debris to potentially collect around. This in turn allows for better cleanability of the teeth and braces and better oral hygiene in general.
d). COLORFUL BRACES
These are the metal braces with brackets of different colors which makes them look attractive .
e). LINGUAL BRACES
Lingual braces are one of the "invisible" treatment methods, same as traditional metal braces, except that the brackets and wires are placed on the inside of teeth. therefore, offer a great cosmetic alternative for those who want their teeth straightened, without the braces showing.
IS MY AGE RIGHT TO GET THE TREATMENT?
There is no fixed age limit for the braces treatment. As long as your gums are strong you can have treatment done even after 40yrs of age. Some problems of child should be treated at about 9-12 years while some need to be treated after the milk teeth fall off.
HOW TO TAKE CARE OF YOUR BRACES?
Brush your teeth and braces 3 times a day and use mouthwash gargles to keep them clean every time you eat something. Don’t eat hard and sticky food items like biscuits, nuts, groundnut, five-star, éclairs, chewing gums etc. Don’t use your front teeth to bite anything till the end of the treatment. Some amount of initial ulceration is normal in some cases, apply gel and keep wet cotton in that area.
Flossing – creating a flossing routine is important during orthodontic treatment. Orthodontists and hygienists may recommend inter-dental brushes or floss threaders to make getting in between teeth easier.
SOME ORTHODONTIC TREATMENTS (Before -> After)
i). CROWDED TEETH
Brushing routine – using fluoride toothpaste and a soft-bristled toothbrush are ideal for cleaning teeth with braces. Begin brushing at a 45-degree angle at the gum line using small circular motions. Then place the toothbrush on top of the brackets, angling down to brush on top of each bracket. Finally, reposition the brush to brush the bottom of the bracket as well as the wire, angling the toothbrush up.
Fluoride mouthwash – after brushing and flossing, rinse with a fluoride mouthwash to help prevent cavities and white spots.
Mouthguards – wear a mouthguard if you play sports. Mouthguards can protect your cheeks and lips from serious cuts and can prevent damage to your braces or orthodontic appliance if you fall down or are hit in the face.
ii). OPEN BITE
iii). DEEP BITE
If you wish to fix an appointment for dental consultancy at Sneha Dental Care (contact us); you may call the reception and fix an appointment. If you wish to know more details about Orthodontic treatment and in particular to your condition feel free to call us at: +91-9429284575 or mail us your queries on firstname.lastname@example.org and we will get back to you as soon as we can.